Last Updated on August 17, 2021
Islam is the second largest religion in Norway after Christianity, and most Muslims are children of immigrants. The Norwegians of Pakistani descent are the largest group, and the influx of immigrants from other countries such as Syria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia has increased the size of the Muslim community.
Total population: 5,051.275
Muslim population (2016): 300. 000
Muslims are spread all over the country, but they are mainly concentrated in Oslo. According to government statistics for 2011, the percentage of Muslims is about 2.3 percent of the population. Meanwhile, the Pew Research Center estimated that Muslims accounted for 3.7 percent of Norwegians in 2010 and 5.7 percent in 2016.
In June 2018, the Norwegian parliament passed a bill banning the wearing of face- covering clothing in educational institutions and kindergartens, including the niqab. The ban applies to students and staff alike. In August 2019, after the shooting at an Islamic center in the Bærum suburb of Oslo, the government announced that in 2020 it would launch a plan to counter anti- Muslim and anti- immigrant sentiment.