Last Updated on August 17, 2021
Islam is the second largest religion in the Russian Federation and is officially recognized alongside Orthodoxy, Christianity, Buddhism and Judaism. According to the Religious Administration of Muslims of the Russian Federation, the Muslim population reached 25 million in 2018, which is nearly 18 percent of the total population.
Total population: 141 million
Muslim population (2018): 25 million
Muslims form diverse groups in the population of the republics of Bashkortostan and Tatarstan in the Federal District of Volga, and they represent the majority among the nationalities of the North Caucasus Federal District located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, including Circassians, Balkans, Chechens, Ingush, Kabardians, Qarachai and many Dagestanis.
In the middle of the Volga Basin, there are also Bulgars and Bashkirs, most of whom are Muslims. Moscow and Orenburg Oblast, in addition to the republics of Adygea and Astrakhan Oblast in the Southern Federal District, have significant numbers of Muslims.
There are more than 5,000 registered religious organizations.
It is difficult to determine the exact time of the emergence of Islam in Russia, but Muslims arrived in Dagestan in the middle of the 7th century and since then, Islam began to spread in the entire North Caucasus. In this regard, large numbers of the Muslim population of the Russian Federation are indigenous. At present, there are about 5000 mosques in the Russian Federation, and the Religious Administration for Muslims of the Russian Federation is one of the most prominent Islamic bodies in the country.