Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa banner Churchill Avenue

Addis Ababa is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. It had a population of 3.4 million in 2007 and it is growing very rapidly like many African city's.

Contents

Introduction

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There are more than 120 international missions and embassies in Addis Ababa, making the city a hub for international diplomacy concerning Africa. The headquarters of the African Union and the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) are both in the city. The European Union and the United States both have two delegations in Addis Ababa, one for bilateral relations with Ethiopia and one for the African Union. The city is divided into ten boroughs, known as subcity's and then further divided into wards (kebeles). Suburbs include Shiro Meda and Entoto in the north, Urael and Bole (home to Bole International Airport) in the east, Nifas Silk in the south-east, Mekanisa in the south and Keraniyo and Kolfe in the west. Many of the wealthiest people live in the southeast (Bole), southwest (old airport), CMC, Ayat and Lamberet parts of town. The city is one of the first in Sub-Saharan Africa to have rail based public transit. The light rail system built with Chinese help is often credited with a rapid change of connected parts of the city.

Weather in Addis Ababa

The warmest months are February to May, but not "hot" as people imagine Africa: Most hotels do not have air-conditioning. Temperatures and climate can vary due to elevation. Addis Ababa has 132 rainy days per year and records 1165|mm of rainfalls annually. Temperatures in Addis Ababa are remarkably constant from month to month: the annual temperature variation is low with around 4|C-change}}. However, due to its altitude of 2400|m and the diurnal temperature variation is high with around 14|C-change difference between day and night in average: It is often 27|°C at lunchtime and 3|°C at night; always take a second layer with you during the evening.

Seasons

  • The dry season is from mid-September to mid-June.
  • The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September. Even if temperature are similar with other month, July and August appear colder and less comfortable due to 80% relative humidity, few hours of sunshine and daily rains: tonsillitis and common cold are frequent. Rains also cause mud and make dirt-roads soapy. Floods happens on roads creating traffic jams, notably at the beginning of the rainy season (end-June), when the water drainage pipes are corked by dust and wastes accumulated during 8 months of dry season. Thunderstorms (short but heavy rains) are frequent and isolated. In instance, it not uncommon to move to another area of the city for a 2-hour lunch in Bole and discover wet roads when coming back to Arada. In August, it is also feasible to experience some hail.
  • The "small rainy season" around April is almost unnoticeable in Addis Ababa (more visible in other parts of Ethiopia).

Travel to Addis Ababa

Travel by plane to Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa Bole International Airport GPS 8.98,38.80 - Bole international airport - (IATA Flight Code: ADD) is the busiest airport in East Africa and is the main hub for Ethiopian Airlines, one of the most successful and reputable airlines in Africa, offering superior service on international Flights to any of the U.S. carrier members of the Star Alliance. The airport also hosts Lufthansa, Sudan Airways, Kenya Airways, British Airways, KLM-Airline, Turkish Airways, Emirates, Gulf Air, Egypt Air and fly Dubai. There are daily Flights from Europe and the United States of America, Asia and many African city's including [Accra]], Bamako, Brazzaville, Cairo, Dakar, Dar es Salaam, Djibouti, Khartoum, Harare, Johannesburg, Nairobi. From the U.S. and there are direct Flights from LAX, Newark Liberty and Washington, D.C.]], stopping over at either Dublin or Lomé.

Timket_2009_Addis_Ababa_Ethioia

There are two terminals. Terminal 1 (the older, smaller one) is for all domestic flights and most Flights to city's in neighbouring nations (Djibouti, Nairobi, Khartoum, etc.). Terminal 2 is for all other international flights of Ethiopian Airlines and most other companies – arrangements may change so check first. Terminal 2 is said to be the largest terminal in sub-Saharan Africa. There are ATMs accepting Visa and Mastercard and forex services taking a wide range of currencies. Travellers' cheques and cash can usually be exchanged at the airport. Access into the terminals is restricted, as of July 2012. Taxis and anyone who comes to meet you will be out in the carpark, though a dozen of the superior Muslim friendly lodgings still have a booth inside the arrivals area. Similar rules apply at the other airports in the nation, for both arrivals and departures. Many hotels will send a vehicle to pick up guests if you have arranged it. The Sheraton Addis, Dreamliner, Hilton Addis, most other hotels and many popular guesthouses provide a regular shuttle service for guests. There is a public transport stop a bit outside, under the highway (Ring Road) bridge. As of 2023 and the airport is more than 4 kilometers from the closest Light Rail Transit Station, which makes it unconnected in training. In the future, a new line is planned to connect Bole Airport to the rest of the Light Rail Transit network. There is a fixed taxi fee of 300 birr to get from the airport to practically any place in the town center, as of December 2018. Taxi drivers gather in a parking lot next to the airport. Most likely they will approach you shouting "Taxi!". Legit drivers should have their vehicle marked in yellow/green color and place a license in a visible place. Foreigners are often greeted by a throng of local residents attempting to "help" load their luggage into cars. They're largely harmless and just looking for a tip, but it could be easy to lose a bag. An appropriate tip for a minor task like loading luggage into a vehicle is 5 to 15 birr (ignore requests for more money just because you are a foreigner). If you have one person help you, twenty will ask for a tip. If you have a driver pick you up at the airport they will typically take care of any tips for you. Avoid walking alone around the airport, mainly at night

Travel by vehicle to Addis Ababa

Most of the major roads are in good condition:

  • From Asmara and Dese: Highway 1
  • From Axum and Bahir Dar: Highway 3
  • From Djibouti and Nazret: Highway 4
  • From Gambela National Park and Gambela: Highway 5
  • From Jimma and Giyon: Highway 6 Trans-African Highway 4 from Cairo and Bahir Dar passes through Addis Ababa en route to Nairobi and Cape Town.

Terminals:

  • Autobus Terra, corner of Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis Street and Central African Republic Street / Somalia St, on the north-west side of Mercato. This is the main bus terminal where most of the national buses arrive and depart.
  • Ras Mekonin Avenue near the train station. Buses to/from Adama (Nazret), Debre Zeyit, Dire Dawa, Nairobi, Lalibela, Shahemene, Awasa and Bahir Dar are or were here. July 2011 - Ras Makonnen - or La Gare - closed and moved to the Akaki Kality District on Sierra Leone Street (Debre Zeit Rd).
  • Buses west to Nekempte and beyond go from Asco on the old Ambo Road.

Travel by train to Addis Ababa

Bahnstrecke Addis Abeba–Dschibuti

The railway line connecting Addis Ababa with the port city of Djibouti_(city) | Djibouti, via Dire Dawa was opened in 2016/17. Journey time is about ten hours. Unfortunately trains stop at the rather out of the way Addis Ababa–Lebu Railway Station GPS 8.9319058,38.6877253 in the suburb of the same name. Not to be confused with the former train station "Legehar" (taken from the French "la gare") on Churchill Avenue, defunct since 2008. The station is around 20 kilometers from town center. The station is not served by the Light Rail Line and neither close to the airport nor to much else.

Getting around in Addis Ababa

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Very few streets have names and when they do and they may not be named correctly on a map; use monuments to navigate the city. Sample shuttle van prices|* Very short trips 1 birr

  • Short trips 1.50–3 birr
  • Medium trips 3.80 birr
  • Long trips 7 birr
  • Very long trips 8 birr

Blue and white shuttle vanes Blue and white shuttle vanes/taxis travel quite efficiently around town. Since they are full with people most of the time, it is very affordable too; usually between 1–3 birr depending on how far you are going. To catch a shuttle van, stand on the side of the road and hail it. This can be done anywhere it is feasible for the bus to stop. The conductor inside will call out the destination and if that's where you want to go: get on. You pay the conductor when he signals to you that he wants money (which might take a few minutes). To get change. To get out say "woraj alle", or just "woraj". It is worth having an Ethiopian guide with you if it is your first time using these taxis, since it can be quite chaotic to find out what shuttle vanes go where and from what places. Orange/yellow public buses These buses connect the whole city for a fare of 0.5–3 birr (2022). There are no schedules or maps available, however if you wait on a major street where a crowd gathers you can ask other people or the cashier – which is always in a cabin at the back door – for your destination. Line 31 for example is a convenient line from Meskel Plaza to the National Museum or Trinity Church. The buses are often overcrowded, so watch your belongings.

Best way to travel in Addis Ababa by a Taxi

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Sample taxi prices|* Short trips within one area 30 birr

  • Other short trips 60–80 birr
  • Medium trips 80–120 birr
  • Long trips 120–180 birr
  • Very long trips 180+ birr As of February 2014}}

Small blue Lada taxis Small blue Lada taxis are more expensive. Negotiation is the norm and you often have to press quite hard to get a bargain as a foreigner. They can be contracted for a single trip, an hour, or a full day; just negotiate. Do not be surprised if the price of the taxi increases at night for the same trip. For example the trip Piazza-Bole Airport can be as low as 100 birr at day, but rises to 150 after dark (2022). Yellow taxis Yellow and green taxis usually hang around hotels like Sheraton. They are more expensive, but reliable. If you're willing to pay for peace of mind, slightly better drivers and a vehicle that wasn't featured in the Flintstones, use these cars

By light rail

Map of the Addis Ababa Light Rail

The Chinese built a system of light rail lines (one of the first in sub-Saharan Africa) in the 2010s. There are two lines that cross near Meskel square:

  • West–East green line 1 is from Tor Hailoch station to Ayat.
  • North–South blue line 2 is from Kality station to Menelik II Plaza station (aka Piazza). Cost is 2 birr for an 8-station trip and up to 6 birr to go everywhere. Development along light railway stations is going on at breakneck pace and many former slums have been replaced by relatively upscale housing businesses and retail

Airport shuttle

If you need an airport shuttle to your hotels or other destination and there are some taxis parked outside the airport. They probably take you anywhere you want to go but negotiate the fee before you board. If you want a peace of mind, you can reserve a shuttle service called iEthio.com before you arrive.

Sightseeing Tips

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If you walk along the road from Meskel Plaza to Sidest Kilo, you'll probably find it quite entertaining and interesting. You'll see the Africa Hall and the palaces and the Parliament building and the Hilton Hotel and the marvellous architectural adventure of a building hosting the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Sheraton Hotel and the first modern school (which Emperor Menelik II built in the 1880s) and the Trinity Orthodox cathedral and the National Museum and the Addis Ababa University (which hosts a former palace and museum). Arat Kilo Avenue is marked by a statue built in commemoration of the Ethiopian day of victory during the Second World War, while Sidest Kilo Avenue is marked by a statue commemorating some 39,000 residents of Addis Ababa killed by Italian fascist troops. Around Arat Kilo, you will find part of an old town known as Serategna Sefer (literally and the residential area of labourers). If you go past Sidest Kilo and the road becomes steeper and many of the attractions will be on the right side of the road. The Entoto college (previously Teferi Mekonnen School) and the U.S. Embassy are on this side of the street. After the Embassy there's an open market called Shiro Meda where traditional craftsmen sell their homemade fabrics, pots and other craftwork. The marketplace is at the foot of the Entoto Mountains, which rise up to 3,300 m (10,827 ft) above sea level. You can take a taxi or a bus to the mountain unless you are of a mind to try it yourself. On the mountain, you will find the first churches of Addis Ababa, called Saint Mary and Saint Raguel and a smaller palace of Menelik II. Walking the mountain, mainly between the churches, is refreshing and gives the chance to see rural life and the city, forest and unbelievably beautiful landscape intersected by farmlands and farmers trails. It is from here that Menelik II and Queen Taitu conceived the establishment of Addis Ababa. You can get a sense of the city plan by viewing the city from here

Museums

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  • Addis Ababa Museum Bole Road / Airport Road / Africa Ave 9.0094,38.763 near Meskel Plaza Opening Hours: Tu–F 08:30–12:30, 13:30–17:30; Saturday 08:30–11:30 | ET Addis asv2018-02 img6 A Focuses on artefacts and exhibits from Addis Ababa. The building was once a palace where Ras Biru Habte-Gabriel, a former Minister of War, resided.
  • Ethiopian Railway Museum
  • Ethnological Museum Algeria Street 9.046619,38.757624 Monday to Friday 08:00–17:00; Sa–Su 09:00–17:00 | Facade and entrance of the Ethnological Museum, Addis Ababa (26430577063) Also known as the Museum and Library of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, this is a fascinating museum with exhibits about the history and culture of Ethiopia. There are many displays of the various ethnic groups found in Ethiopia with information about each of their lifestyles. Ethnic outfits, instruments, tools and other artefacts accompany each ethnic exhibit, making it one of the most interesting museums in the city.
  • National Museum of Ethiopia King George VI Street 9.03833,38.7619 between Arat Kilo Ave and the University of Addis Ababa Graduate School Opening Hours: 08:30–17:00 National Museum of Ethiopia National museum of Ethiopia New facility A world-class museum. The most famous exhibit is the replica of Lucy, an early hominid. With Ethiopian civilization being one of the oldest in the world and the artefacts within the museum span thousands of years, including some from its earliest days. A wide variety of artefacts are featured, from sculptures to clothing to artwork. Both traditional and modern art are featured.
  • National Postal Museum | next to the main post office A small but good collection of Ethiopian stamps.
  • Natural History Museum | King Charles III Street 9.033,38.765 Opening Hours: Tu–Su 09:00–11:45, 13:30–16:30
  • "Red Terror" Martyrs Memorial Museum Bole Road, Meskel Sq 9.0101,38.763 adjacent to Meskel Sq ☎ +251 11 850 6730 Opening Hours: Daily 08:00–18:30 Donation (tips are welcome) "Red Terror" Martyrs' Memorial Museum - About those who lost their lives in the time of the Derg. Opened in 2010 with an excellent, modern style of display.

Masjids in Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa, the bustling capital of Ethiopia, is home to a diverse population that includes a significant Muslim community. The city hosts numerous masjids, each offering a place of worship, community, and reflection for the faithful. Here is an overview of some notable masjids in Addis Ababa:

Grand Anwar Mosque

Rating: 4.4 (289 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

The Grand Anwar Mosque is one of the largest and most prominent mosques in Addis Ababa. It serves as a central hub for the Muslim community, offering daily prayers, religious education, and community events.

Jafar Mosque

Rating: 4.6 (133 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Jafar Mosque is well-regarded for its welcoming atmosphere and active congregation. It provides a serene environment for worship and spiritual growth.

Teqwa Mosque | Bethel | ተቅዋ መስጂድ | ቤተል

Rating: 4.8 (70 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Teqwa Mosque in Bethel is known for its strong sense of community and the quality of its religious programs. It is a popular choice for many local Muslims.

Nejashi Mosque | Megenagna 24 | ነጃሺ መስጊድ | መገናኛ 24

Rating: 4.9 (57 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Nejashi Mosque, located in the Megenagna area, is highly rated for its peaceful ambiance and well-maintained facilities.

Ibadurehman Mosque

Rating: 4.4 (57 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Ibadurehman Mosque offers a spacious and serene environment for prayer and reflection, serving the needs of its congregation around the clock.

Al-Imran Mosque | Figa | አል ኢምራን መስጊድ | ፊጋ

Rating: 4.6 (53 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Al-Imran Mosque in Figa is known for its welcoming community and the various religious services it offers to worshippers.

Al Aqsa Mosque مسجد Afinchober | አል አቅሳ መስጊድ አፍንጮ በር

Rating: 4.8 (48 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Al Aqsa Mosque in Afinchober is a significant religious center, providing a tranquil setting for prayers and community gatherings.

Al Feth Masjid

Rating: 5.0 (8 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Al Feth Masjid is praised for its peaceful environment and the dedication of its congregation, making it a cherished place for worship.

Felwuha Tewfik Mosque | ፍልዉሃ ተውፊቅ መስጂድ

Rating: 4.7 (40 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Felwuha Tewfik Mosque is appreciated for its community-focused approach and the various religious and social activities it hosts.

Alif Mesjid

Rating: 4.8 (21 reviews)

Alif Mesjid is known for its active congregation and the quality of its religious services, making it a key place of worship in the area.

Huda Mosque | Mekanisa | ሁዳ መስጊድ | መካኒሳ

Rating: 4.7 (43 reviews)

Huda Mosque in Mekanisa is notable for its serene atmosphere and the various community services it offers.

Imam Hassen Mosque and School

Rating: 4.4 (26 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Imam Hassen Mosque, combined with its educational institution, plays a crucial role in the religious and academic life of the community.

Alif Masjid

Rating: 4.5 (26 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

This Alif Masjid is another important center for worship, offering round-the-clock access for prayers and religious activities.

Lafto Bilal Masjid (ላፍቶ) ቢላል መስጂድ مسجد بلال

Rating: 4.3 (37 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Lafto Bilal Masjid is recognized for its community engagement and the variety of religious services it provides.

Tebarek Mosque

Rating: 4.9 (22 reviews)

Tebarek Mosque is known for its high rating and the dedication of its congregation, making it a beloved place of worship.

Wele Mohammed Mosque

Rating: 4.5 (16 reviews)

Wele Mohammed Mosque serves its community with dedication, offering a peaceful environment for prayer and reflection.

Ferensay Mosque | ፈረንሳይ መስጊድ

Rating: 4.7 (18 reviews)

Ferensay Mosque is notable for its location and the vibrant community it serves.

Aba Jiffar Mosque | Torhayloch | አባ ጂፋር መስጊድ | ጦርሃይሎች

Rating: 4.7 (22 reviews) Open: 24 hours Aba Jiffar Mosque is appreciated for its accessibility and the quality of its religious services.

Nur(Beni) Masjid

Rating: 4.7 (20 reviews)

Nur Masjid, also known as Beni Mosque, is known for its active and welcoming congregation.

Gofa Mosque

Rating: 4.4 (12 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Gofa Mosque provides a calm and welcoming environment for worshippers.

Somale Masjid

Rating: 4.5 (6 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Somale Masjid is a smaller mosque known for its close-knit community and dedicated worshippers.

Ibnu Abbas Mosque

Rating: 4.7 (26 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Ibnu Abbas Mosque is highly regarded for its peaceful environment and the quality of its religious services.

Gerji Mosque | ገርጂ መስኪድ

Rating: 4.9 (20 reviews)

Gerji Mosque is praised for its welcoming atmosphere and the active participation of its congregation.

Ousman Ibn Affan (Tero) Masjid

Rating: 4.5 (50 reviews)
Opening Hours: 9 AM

Ousman Ibn Affan Masjid, also known as Tero Masjid, is known for its community-focused approach and the variety of services it offers.

Hamza Mosque | Kara Kore | ሃምዛ መስጂድ | ካራቆሬ

Rating: 4.3 (16 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Hamza Mosque in Kara Kore serves its community with dedication, offering a peaceful setting for worship.

Al Tewuba Mosque | Kazanchis | አልተውባ መስጊድ | ካሳንቺስ

Rating: 4.8 (11 reviews)

Al Tewuba Mosque in Kazanchis is highly rated for its serene atmosphere and active community participation.

Hikma Mosque | Saris Addisu Sefer | ሂክማ መስጊድ | ሳሪስ አዲስ ሰፈር

Rating: 4.3 (8 reviews)
Open: 24 hours

Hikma Mosque in Saris Addisu Sefer is known for its peaceful environment and dedicated congregation.

Selefe Sualihin Mosque | Shegole | ሰለፈሷሊሂን መስጊድ | ሸጎሌ

Rating: 4.7 (21 reviews)

Selefe Sualihin Mosque in Shegole is notable for its strong community engagement and the quality of its religious services.

Addis Ababa’s masjids provide not only places for prayer but also centers for community building and spiritual growth. Each mosque offers a unique atmosphere, contributing to the rich tapestry of the city's Islamic heritage.

Other

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  • Africa Hall 9.014529,38.766267 located across Menelik II Avenue from the Palace Africa Hall - African Hall Addis Abeba This is where the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa is headquartered as well as most UN offices in Ethiopia. It is also the site of the founding of the Organization for African Unity (OAU) which eventually became the African Union. Security is tight and you won't be admitted unless you have an appointment.
  • Tiglachin ("Our Struggle") monument 9.02014,38.751317 Tiglachin Monument Tiglachin monument (Addis Ababa) Sometimes erroneously called Derg Monument, which Ethiopians find offensive because it is not a monument to honour the Derg regime. This massive statue monument was built in the 1980s. The sides have a tribute to Ethiopian and Cuban soldiers who died in the 1977-1978 war against Somalia. If you want to take pictures and there is a guy asking for a small fee.
  • Ethiopian National Library 9.01806,38.75 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia
  • Lion of Judah of Menelik 9.010861,38.753111 near the former train station Monument to the Lion of Judah - Judský lev, Addis Abeba Commemorates Emperor Menelik. It was erected in 1930 and looted by the Italians a few years later. It remained in Rome for 30 years before being returned in the 1960s.
  • Lion of Judah of Haile Selassie Gambia Street 9.0166,38.7524 outside the National Theatre | Lion monument Addis Abeba A A carved statue commemorating the silver jubilee of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1955.
  • Menelik's old Imperial Palace 9.024972,38.764 Menelik Palace It remains the official seat of government.
  • National Palace 9.0165,38.760472 National Palace (Ethiopia) Built as the Jubilee Palace to mark Emperor Haile Selassie's Silver Jubilee in 1955, it is the residence of the President of Ethiopia. Taking pictures is not allowed and even pausing to peer over the wall will attract security.
  • Netsa Art Village | 3 birr entrance. 20 birr for cameras Authentic and interesting art in a beautiful park across from the French Embassy.
  • Parliament Building Near Holy Trinity Gothic Church Ethiopian Parliament Building - Q7105242 Built during the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie, with its clock tower, it continues to serve as the seat of Parliament today. Photography is not allowed.
  • Shengo Hall | Built by the Derg regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam as its parliament hall. The Shengo Hall was the world's largest pre-fabricated building, which was constructed in Finland before being assembled in Addis Ababa. It is used for large meetings and conventions.

What to do as a Muslim in Addis Ababa

  • Hager Fikir Theatre John Melly St, Piazza neighborhood 9.03769,38.7545 Hager Fikir Theatre - HagerFikirTheatre - The oldest theatre in Ethiopia.
  • Jan Meda Race Ground
  • Bihere Tsige Recreation Center
  • Addis Ababa Golf Club
  • Entoto Mountain north side of the city Walk from St. Mary church and the first church of Addis and Street Urael church and see the city from the top of the mountain.
  • Fendika Azmari Bet Zewditu St, Kazanches west of Guinea Conakry Street Music, song and dance including including a traditional azmari minstrel.
  • Yewedale Zewditu St, Kazanches 9.0204,38.767 Performances by traditional azmari minstrels. Stop by at one of the small (5-7 people) coffee spots / rooms to taste local coffee with tenadam (rue) and have a conversation with local residents who hang out there. You can find many of those along the main streets. Price should not be more than 5 birr. Oftentimes you can obtain local food there too.

Study as a Muslim in Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa University is the largest and the oldest university in Ethiopia. It was originally named "University College of Addis Ababa" at its founding and then renamed for the former Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie I in 1962, receiving its current name in 1975. Although the university has six of its seven campuses within Addis Ababa (the seventh is located in Debre Zeit, about 45 kilometers away), it also maintains branches in many city's throughout Ethiopia, leading to the claim of being "the largest university in Africa." The government assigns qualified students to these universities upon completion of secondary school. Students also attend other private colleges, such as Unity College. Addis Ababa University was founded in 1950 at the request of Haile Selassie by a Canadian Jesuit, Dr Lucien Matte as a two-year college and began operations the next year. Over the following two years an affiliation with the University of London was developed. There is also Theological College of the Holy Trinity, a theological school of higher education located in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It provides religious and secular education to both clergy and lay members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, as well seeking to be a centre of theological and ecclesiastical study for all Oriental Orthodox Churches as well. Founded as a high school by Emperor Haile Selassie in 1942 and the college division was added in 5 October 1960 and the elementary education section eliminated on 18 December 1961 and the college became one of the chartered units of this first National University of Ethiopia.

How to work legally in Addis Ababa

  • There is a high demand for IT professionals.
  • Many start-up companies search for individuals with computer networking and consulting background.
  • Addis Ababa has the highest number of NGOs in Africa and possibly in the entire Third World. They are well known for paying good salaries for their employees.
  • The unemployment rate in Addis is low according to the Nazret.com (8% of the population in Addis Abeba were unemployed in 2008).
  • Many expatriates work in NGOs and small start-up IT companies.
  • Compared to other African city's, Addis Ababa has a high number of big, medium and small computer training schools, governmental and private learning institutions. Many students who attend there hope to land an IT or consulting job in the city's very tight job market.

Muslim Friendly Shopping in Addis Ababa

  • The mercato 9.03056,38.7389 Opening Hours: from Monday to Saturday Addis Mercato - (Italian for market, as the main covered market still in use dates from the colonial administration of the late 1930s) is the largest outdoor market in the world and you can get anything from tourist goods (t-shirts, wood crafts, etc.) to fabric to metal goods there. Haggling and bargaining are standard procedure and foreigners (mainly those of European ancestry) should expect to be charged higher prices. To ensure a positive experience, maintain a sense of humour, don't be afraid to negotiate aggressively and above all don't let yourself be bullied by the many "brokers" who frequent the market and will try to steer you towards certain stores in exchange for a kick-back from the merchant. You will be able to negotiate lower prices if you can avoid brokers and mainly if you have a local friend or guide to buy things on your behalf.
  • Shiromeda Market Between Sidist Kilo & Mt Entoto If the madness of Mercato isn't for you, Chiromeda is a friendly alternative. Haggling and bargaining is still the status quo, but you could walk away with a traditional dress from as affordable as 100 birr.
  • Friendship Supermarket Bole Road (airport end) Well-stocked Middle Eastern style supermarket with selected Halal food and they accept Visa.
  • Edna Mall Cameroon St, Bole Medhanealem area 8.9971,38.7867 on roundabout, infront of Bole Medhanealem Gothic Church ☎ +251 11 661 6874 (Info), +251 11 661 6278 (Cinema) Contains a large book store and Ethiopia's only 3D multiplex cinema "Matti Multiplex" (three screens), which plays both Amharic and English-language films. Western films typically are shown within a week to a month of their U.S. release, though occasionally they may operate on European release schedules. The centre of the mall features an arcade zone and an indoor amusement park with carousel, pinballs, bull-riding, climbing tubes, 7D cinema and bumper cars; it's a fun place for small children, but really crowded on the weekends and holidays. Include several restaurants. Also located nearby are several dance clubs.
  • Dembel Downtown Bole Road, Olompia area, POBox 9517 9.004722,38.766944 the yellow Bldg on Bole Road ☎ +251 11 552 6304, +251 11 552 5267, +251 11 515 1035, +251 11 554 7824 +251 11 551 9460 Dembel Downtown - Dembel Downtown Build around 2000 and the mall clam 105 stores and a total surface of 8000|m2, with numerous jewellery.
  • Getu Commercial centre 9.002222,38.769444 Getu Commercial Center
  • Addis Sheraton Shopping
  • Loyal Shopping centre
  • Arat Kilo Shopping centre
  • Piassa Shopping centre
  • Bambis department store expensive euro-style supermarket located in Kazanches, near the Radisson, Hilton and Sheraton hotels. Features an extensive selection of Greek products and high quality fresh/frozen meats.
  • New York Supermarket near Bole Olympia
  • Shoa Supermarket Bole Road
  • Novis Supermarket on Bole Road, near Friendship. Has a lot of high quality products mostly imported from Italy or Dubai.
  • Fantu Supermarket on Bole Road, near Friendship.
  • Lafto Mall South Africa Street located adjacent to St.Bisrate Gebriel Church ☎ +251 11 372 8777 none A multi-purpose mall consisting of a grocery store, numerous places to buy clothes and toys, a liquor store and a mobile phone store. This mall has several levels each with a number of small rooms selling goods.

Get money

Ethiopia operates a cash economy. Domestic credit cards are non-existent and international cards are accepted in very few locations (mostly those catering to expatriates). ATMs/cash machines are found throughout Addis Ababa. Dashen Bank is a principal member of both VISA and MasterCard International and has ATMs. Some of the ATMs found at D.H. Geda Tower (next to Friendship Downtown) accept UnionPay cards, Dembel Downtown (quite hidden, use the main entrance, than to the left, at the window), Edna Mall, in some hotels (Hilton, Sheraton, Intercontinental, Wabi Shebelle Hotel, Ethiopia Hotel, Semein Hotel, Harmony Hotel). Also near the National Museum (Lucy Gazebo Restaurant), ground floor of Getu Commercial centre just at the entrance and some branches of .htm Dashen Bank. Not all cards are accepted everywhere, Dashen Bank ATMs accept Visa/MasterCard/Cirrus/Plus while Zemen bank ATMs do not accept MasterCard. Most ATM machines have a 4,000–6,000 birr limit per day, but most do not charge a local ATM fee (international or third-party ATM fees from your financial institution may apply). Warning: Some ATM machines are targeted for "skimmer" scams, allowing thieves to steal your ATM card information. To protect yourself and the safest ATMs to use are the ones located at the Hilton (Dashen, Zemen, CBE); Radisson Blu (Dashen, Zemen, Wegagen); or Sheraton (Dashen) hotels. There is an illegal black market where you can get a slightly better rate, mainly if you bargain. Check your money very carefully before you leave and do not allow it to leave your hand after your final count. Most souvenir shops off Churchill Road and Zambia Street do it.

Halal Restaurants in Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia's vibrant capital, is not only known for its rich cultural heritage but also for its diverse culinary scene. For Muslim travelers and residents seeking halal food, the city offers an array of excellent halal restaurants. Here’s a look at some of the top halal dining options in Addis Ababa:

Nebil Halal Restaurant | Bole

Location: Tsinat Building, Bole
Rating: 5.0 (4 reviews)
Opening Hours: 9 AM
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway, Delivery

Nebil Halal Restaurant is highly rated for its delicious halal cuisine. It is located in the bustling Bole area, making it easily accessible. The restaurant is known for its welcoming atmosphere and a variety of halal dishes that cater to different tastes.

Bait Al Mandi

Rating: 4.2 (309 reviews)
Opening Hours: 11 AM
Cuisine: Yemenite
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

Bait Al Mandi offers a genuine taste of Yemen in the heart of Addis Ababa. With its strong emphasis on halal food, this restaurant is a favorite among those looking for authentic Middle Eastern flavors.

Istanbul International Restaurant

Location: Unnamed Road
Rating: 4.1 (257 reviews)
Opening Hours: 8 AM
Cuisine: Turkish
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

For lovers of Turkish cuisine, Istanbul International Restaurant provides a delightful halal dining experience. From kebabs to baklava, the restaurant offers a variety of traditional Turkish dishes.

Halal Restaurant

Location: Gobena Aba Tigu St
Rating: 5.0 (2 reviews)
Opening Hours: 9 AM
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

A small but highly rated spot, Halal Restaurant is known for its fresh and flavorful dishes. It’s a great place for a quick and satisfying halal meal.

Halal Food Corner

Location: Tanzania St
Rating: 5.0 (3 reviews)
Opening Hours: Open 24 hours
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

Open 24 hours, Halal Food Corner is perfect for those who need a halal meal at any time of the day or night. Its consistent quality and service make it a reliable choice.

Mestura Halal Butchery مستورة حلال

Location: Yeka 13/14
Rating: 4.6 (28 reviews)
Services: Dine-in, Drive-through, No-contact delivery

Mestura Halal Butchery is not just a butchery but also offers a range of barbecue dishes. It’s well-regarded for its Meat quality and variety.

Anwar Restaurant (Halal) | አንዋር ምግብ ቤት (ሀላል)

Rating: 4.3 (4 reviews)
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

Anwar Restaurant provides a comfortable dining experience with a selection of traditional halal meals.

Anwar Muslim Restaurant

Location: 2P8Q+X4J
Rating: 4.7 (6 reviews)
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

Another favorite among the halal dining spots, Anwar Muslim Restaurant is noted for its great service and delicious food.

Amir Muslim Restaurant مطعم ءمير

Location: 2M2G+6PX
Rating: 4.5 (2 reviews)
Opening Hours: Open 24 hours
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway, Delivery

Amir Muslim Restaurant is open around the clock, making it a convenient option for any meal. Its diverse menu ensures there's something for everyone.

Nur Restaurant

Rating: 4.8 (4 reviews)
Opening Hours: 9 AM
Services: Dine-in

Known for the best Muslim Tibs in the city, Nur Restaurant is a must-visit for those craving authentic Ethiopian halal dishes.

Yasmin Restaurant | Saris Kadisco | ያስሚን የሙስሊም ሬስቶራንት | ሳሪስ ካዲስኮ

Location: Zak Building, A1
Rating: 4.6 (5 reviews)
Opening Hours: 7:30 AM
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

Yasmin Restaurant offers a range of halal meals in a friendly environment, making it a great spot for family dining.

Islamic Restaurant Zone, Muslim Food Areas

Rating: 3.8 (4 reviews)
Cuisine: Turkish
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

This zone features various halal food options, primarily focusing on Turkish cuisine, providing multiple choices for diners.

Hasna Muslim Restaurant (ሀስና የሙስሊም ሬስቶራንት)

Location: Arbeynoch St
Rating: 5.0 (5 reviews)
Opening Hours: Open 24 hours
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway, Delivery

With high ratings and round-the-clock service, Hasna Muslim Restaurant is a top choice for halal food lovers.

Jemo Seid Yasin Hanan Halal Restaurant

Rating: 5.0 (1 review)
Services: Dine-in, Takeaway

A hidden gem, Jemo Seid Yasin Hanan Halal Restaurant is praised for its authentic and delicious halal dishes.

Addis Ababa offers a wide variety of halal dining options, ensuring that everyone can enjoy delicious, halal-compliant meals. Whether you are in the mood for Middle Eastern, Turkish, or traditional Ethiopian cuisine, you are sure to find a restaurant that meets your needs.

Where to stay

The Ethiopian dialing plan changed on 17 September 2006. Six-digit phone numbers changed to seven digits. Many of the lodging listings here appear to still have the older 5 digit numbers following the nation code of +251 and the city code of 11. Addis Ababa local numbers should contain 7 digits. Please check the number before calling and please update that are incomplete. Some of the prices below are still a few years old. As of 2023, it is still feasible to find "rooms" for 50 birr, but a somewhat decent room will cost about 100 birr and most cost 150 birr and up. Most tourists stay in the piazza area, where there are many hotels ranging from very affordable to moderately cheap. Except for the cheapest, most of them have running hot water.

  • Addis Guest House The restaurant at Addis Guest House run by an American raised Ethiopian named Yonas serves a good selection of international foods including great French toast for breakfast. It is worth the trip just to meet Yonas who may be the best tour guide you can find in the city. and are fairly clean; below are just a few examples. More affordable hotels are around Mike Leyland Street in Bole area.
  • Itegue Taitu Hotel Street between Cunningham Street and Dejazemach Jote St, Piazza area, Arada subcity 9.0306,38.7543 ☎ +251 11 156 0787 From 150 birr for doubles (as of 2022) Taitu Hotel Taitu Hotel A Rooms are about 380 birr in the main building and 150 birr in the cheapest annex building. A large room with balcony is 177 birr. Rooms are mostly clean and have good and large beds. Good value for money, very quiet. Large restaurant and nice outside cafe. Only toilets and shower are in despicable condition. The main building is the oldest stone-building in Addis and the hostel is the first hotel in Ethiopia: it was built by Empress Taitu Betul around 1906. Vegan lunch buffet for 70 birr every day (2022).
  • Baro Hotel Piazza and across from Wutma Hotel ☎ +251 11 155 1447, +251 11 157 4157 +251 11 553 7439 Single 230 birr One of the cheapest options in Piazza. Small restaurant on site but very limited and expensive food selection. Old decor and cramped, but decent value. Accept Visa without commission. They might not confirm your booking until you arrive.
  • Wutma Hotel Piazza and across the Baro Hotel From 210 birr with ensuite toilet/shower Some good and clean rooms, some not so much, so have a look first. Restaurant downstairs that often has UK Premier League and other foodball games on a big screen with lots of local residents coming to watch, so expect noise.
  • Worku Bikila Hotel Dukem (about 20 km south-west of Addis Ababa). Thriving hotel for budget to mid-range travellers. Congo Road, Bole Area next to the old Wanza Pension 370 birr. Opened in Spring 2016. Clean hotel with helpful staff. Very good value.
  • MZ Guesthouse
  • Park Hotel A cheapy starting at 20 birr but the rooms aren't exactly clean
  • Filwoha Hotel ☎ +251 11 511404 Near the thermal spas (Muslim Friendly)).
  • Fin-Fin Hotel opposite the Filwoha Hotel
  • Hawi Debre Zeit Road south of the downtown
  • Holiday Hotel Haile Gebresilassie Road near the Plaza Hotel
  • Yordanos Hotel ☎ +251 11 515711 +251 11 516655 Haile Gebresilassie Rd.
  • Axum Hotel Haile Gebresilassie Road ☎ +251 11 188832
  • Balu Near Piazza
  • Fruit Juices Garden Inn | Near the airport, its menu specialises in German delicacies such as Cheese Noodles and grilled Chicken washed down with wheat beer. A half litre costs 11 birr.
  • Damu-Damu Hotel
  • Desalegn Hotel | ☎ +251 11 6624524 US$76
  • Ethio Comfort Guest House - Gerji Area, Bole sub-city, House No.234 ☎ +251 11 629 5546, +251 91 166 2894 | phoneextra=+251 91 166 2894 Modern guest house has large clean rooms with balconies and home cooked food.
  • GT Guest House - Sierra Leone Street a mile from Mesqel Sq ☎ +251 922 451639 Provides lodging for business, leisure travellers, families and groups.
  • Martin's Cozy Place-German Guesthouse near the Atlas and almost opposite the side of the hotel single room 252 birr shared bathroom Last updated: 2022-00 Popular for business people or expats based in the city. Offers a range of services for tourists and it is a homey place for a few nights.
  • Maskal Flower Hotel near Debre Zeit Road
  • Ras Hotel Churchill Ave/Gambia Street just north of the train station ☎ +251 11 517060, +251 11 447060 Single rooms cost around 120 birr One of the oldest hotels in Addis.
  • Tourist near the Grand Palace and Trinity Gothic Church
  • Wabe Shebelle Hotel ☎ +251 11 551 7187 US$52
  • Yilma Hotel Mekanessa area Costs about US$25 per day for tourists. Restaurant/cafe with cableTV that plays news and sports channels. They serve food until c. 22:00-23:00. The staff is very nice and friendly. They have room service for no added charge. The rooms are minimal but have decent bathrooms with hot water heaters for the shower, flush toilets and tiled floors.
  • Z Guest House From US$29.95/night for a single suite This a nice family-run bed & breakfast in a quiet residential area has clean rooms and beautiful furnished apartments with fully-equipped kitchens and satellite TV is less than one mile from Piassa, only about 12 minutes from the airport.
  • Addis Ababa Hilton Central Menelik Ave 9.018785,38.765019 ☎ +251 11 518400 +251 11 510064 Airline agents, money changing, restaurant, bar, gym, private secluded sauna, swimming pool, internet access.
  • Carrera Lodge Rossevelt Street ☎ +251 11 517400, +251 11 447400
  • Dimitri Hotel Yeka neighborhood. Peaceful surroundings in contemporary city area. Many free services, including in-room wireless internet and premium satellite TV.
  • Faro Hotel ☎ +251 11 6621186 From US$100 per day plus 25% tax and service charge Brand new Ethiopian/Euro-style "boutique" hotel, minutes away from Bole Airport, Bole Rock Gym, Boston Day Spa, Friendship Center and Lime Tree restaurant. Woman-owned, with a welcoming staff. Internet and kitchenette in each room, new bathrooms with modern steam shower units, very comfortable new beds with duvets. Full dining facilities; a café & juice counter in the lobby and will soon have a swimming swimmingpool on its roof. Some rooms have good views. The Faro takes cash or Visa.
  • Ghion Hotel Ras Dasta Damtew Street near Maskal/Abbiott Plaza ☎ +251 11 513222, +251 11 443170
  • Harmony Hotel - Bole Sub city Kebele 03 House # New ☎ +251 11 618 3100 US$150 Comfortable 4-star hotel in Bole (near airport). Rooms of a good international standard. Fast wired and wireless internet in rooms. The restaurant provides a good breakfast. There is also a swimming swimmingpool under construction.
  • International Hotel downtown near beginning of Bole Road From US$65 for a single, US$85 for a small double, payment in cash only, no Visa. About US$40 per day. Clean and rooms are huge with living room, separate bedroom, many bathrooms include large tub. Staff is very nice and rooms have enormous balconies overlooking the green open areas of the Sheraton hotel and views of Mt. Entoto. A great place to stay if you need easy access to the Bole Airport without risking traffic delays.
  • Jupiter International Hotel | @☎com ☎ +251 11 661696 (Bole), +251 11 5526418 (Cazanchise) USD90–200 An aspiring 4-star hotel with two locations in Addis Ababa. The largest property located in the Cazanchise area in walking distance from the UNECA building, near the airport.
  • Panorama Hotel From US$59/night Nice, clean rooms. 4-star dining and café. Very nice lobby area.
  • Sheraton Addis - Central Yohanis Street 9.020310,38.759957 ☎ +251 11 517 1717 +251 11 517 2727 Known to expats as the "Sheza", this huge luxurious hotel was built by an Ethiopian billionaire, who is also Ethiopia's largest employer after the government. This is the place to go for 5-star opulence. It also one of few places in Addis where you can get cash from an ATM or credit card.
  • Wassamar Hotel | @☎com Bole Road ☎ +251 11 661 0059 USD95 Comfortable three/four star hotel in Bole (near airport). Several floors of rooms all of good standard. Wired and wireless internet are available. A courtesy bus is available to and from the airport.

Embassies & Consulates in Addis Ababa

  • Ireland | Kazanches, Guinea Conakry Street ☎ +251 11 518 0500 {{flag|Italy

Telecommunication

Telephone

The country code for calling Ethiopia is 251. The city code for Addis Ababa is 011 (or +251 11 from outside Ethiopia).

Mobile

Ethiopia uses a GSM network operated by Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation. There is decent coverage around big city's such as Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, Bahir Dar, Debre Markos, Dese, Gonder, Harar, Mekele and Nekemete. It is expanding into most small city's. Roaming charges are very steep. For a short visit, your best option for mobile access is to rent a SIM card with a phone. Only a few stores rent SIM cards: you can rent a SIM card and phone inside Addis Ababa Sheraton hotel but is it very expensive. Another option is to rent a SIM card and mobile phone from local stores. A third option is to buy a SIM card, at about 60 birr (August 2011). Ask a cell phone retailer (there are many of them, mainly in the piazza). If the retailer does not sell them, he or she will point you in the right direction. Be prepared: you will need a passport-sized picture and a photocopy of your passport that the seller will keep. The quickest way to get your own SIM card is probably in the Hilton Hotel If you have all needed documents (photocopy of your passport and two passport sized pictures), it will take less than 5 minutes to get your SIM card

Internet

In Addis Ababa, mainly in Bole Subcity, you can find quite a number of internet cafes. Some still use dial-up connections, but broadband is becoming more popular. Most of the high-end hotels have internet connections (either Ethernet or Wi-Fi), which are reasonably fast and often free for hotel guests. A general problem with the Internet in Ethiopia is the international high-speed connection. If it is not working, even broadband cafes only deliver dial-up speeds and less. The local definition of highspeed broadband is 128Kb! Another general problem is the shortage of electricity, forcing daytime blackouts of whole areas 1–2 days a week, so it is good to plan ahead where you are going for internet access. Skype and VoIP service are legal in Ethiopia. According to local press, Ethiopia today has the fourth worst internet in the world.

  • Dembel Downtown on Bole Road has "Hut Internet Cafe" on the 2nd floor with over 30 Internet capable computers for use every day 10:00-19:00.
  • Arkies Business Center, Piazza, next to 'Taitu Hotels'
  • Broadband Internet in DH Geda Tower, next to Friendship Downtown / Bole Rd. 128kbit/s, many seats, but mostly completely occupied. The good thing is that it is easy to find.
  • Nina Internetcafe, across from Baro Hotels, inside Wutema Hotels
  • TG Business Center, Bole, from Airport (big roundabout) to the right, junction with Cameroon Road (locally known as "Bole-Tele") has broadband but only 3 seats. Most of the time it is not crowded, so a good connection can be expected.
  • DMG Internet Center, near Edna Mall next to Kaldi's Cafe just off Djibuti Street (the road leading from Tele Bole towards 22), has broadband connection and 11 terminals. 2 MB speed Internet, which translates to pretty decent speed for the nation. Open Monday to Saturday 08:30–20:00.

Wireless internet

3G Internet services (known as WCDMA or UMTS) are available in many parts of Addis Ababa. A special SIM card and capable phone is needed. Price is 0.04 birr per 100 KB. CDMA is also available, which needs special devices (prices around 0.10 birr per minute, around 128 kbit/s). EV-DO requires a USB device and is faster than CDMA but requires monthly payment of 500 birr for 2 GB data plan. CDMA and EV-DO are also available in all regional and most zonal capitals in Ethiopia.

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